Prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of bacteria isolatedfrom patients with UTIs in Karbala

Hassan Ali Al-Saadi (Microbiology/Immunology)
Branch of Clinical Laboratory Sciences
College of Pharmacy
Karbala university
E-mail:dr.hasan2009@yahoo.com
(K . J . Pharm . Sci)

(Received July 2010 , Accepted Nov. 2010)
Abstract
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine if UTI is a widespread problem among patients in Karbala district and to assess its relation with some possible risk factors such as age. The sensitivity of the isolated organisms to various antibiotics was also studied.
Subjects: Three hundred patients with urinary tract infections(UTI) 202 ( 67.33% ) females and 98 ( 32.66%)males were studied at Al-Hussien Hospital from 1 March to 20 October 2008 .Their ages ranged from 1-60 years .
Results: Among 300 cases123 cases revealed bacterial isolates .Those were E.coli 48(39.02% ) , Proteus mirabilis 20,( 16.26% ) Ps.euroginosa 10,( 8.13% ) Enterobacter 8(6.50% ),Klebsiella 1(0.81% ) , Staphylococcus aureus 31,( 25.20% ) Streptococcus 5(4.06% ). The rate infection of female was higher than that of males (30.66 and 23.33% respectively).The highest rate of infection was in age 41-60 years(54%).The sensitivity of 123 isolates against 14 antibiotics exhibited that.
Conclusions: Screening urine samples is a necessary step in the laboratory diagnosis of UTI. The sensitivity and resistance pattern is helpful in selecting drugs for better empirical response in the treatment of UTI.